John Hassall (1868-1948):
The British Empire, circa 1900
Framed (ref: 543)
Signed; watercolour, 23 5/8 x 19 5/8 in. (60 x 50 cm.)
Provenance: Private Collection
This striking image probably dates to the period of the Boer War of 1899–1902, when the Orange Free State and the South African Republic were absorbed into the British Empire. Hassall’s approach to the subject reflects public opinion of the period, which was much at ease with the aggressive foreign policy of the ruling Conservative government, who were duly re- elected in 1900. Hassall was fascinated by the military, being the son of a naval officer and having attempted on two occasions to join the Royal
Military Academy in Sandhurst. The sketches of Japanese figures on the walls behind possibly refer to the expansionist ambition of Japan in this period. Hassall’s distinctive two-dimensional decorative style was much indebted to Japanese art.
IN 1900 the Population of Britain was about 40 million. The Labour Party was founded.
On 22 January 1901 Queen Victoria died and Edward VII ascended to the throne.
The Exposition Universelle in Paris helpED popularize Art the Nouveau style. Alphonse Mucha decorated the Bosnia and Herzegovina Pavilion and collaborates on the Austria-Hungary one.
The Wallace Collection in London opened to the public.
Claude Monet stayed in London and began his Houses of Parliament series of paintings.
ARTWORK CREATED IN 1900:
Mary Cassatt - Jules Being Dried by His Mother
Frank Cadogan Cowper – Rapunzel
Maurice de Vlaminck -Sur le zinc
Maurice Denis – Homage to Cézanne
Holman Hunt – The Light of the World (replica))
Henri Matisse - Notre-Dame (Tate)
Edvard Munch - Golgotha
Emil Nolde – Wheat Field
William Orpen – Herbert Everett (National Maritime Museum, Greenwich)
Pablo Picasso - Le Moulin de la Galette
Yves Tanguy, Edward Ardizzone, Thomas Monnington and Roland Penrose were born in 1900
John Ruskin, English art critic (b. 1819) and Frederic Edwin Church, (b. 1826) died in 1900